Pros and cons of the canadian senate

The Canadian Senate is the upper house of the Canadian Parliament, which is composed of appointed members who serve until they reach the mandatory retirement age of 75. This institution is often subject to controversy, as some Canadians argue its relevance and cost, while others defend its role as a check on the House of Commons. In this article, we will discuss the pros and cons of the Canadian Senate in detail.


1. The Senate provides equal representation among provinces: The Senate is composed of 105 seats, with each province being represented by 24 Senators, and the remaining nine seats going to the territories. Therefore, this provides equal representation among provinces, regardless of their population size, which is seen as important in maintaining national unity.

2. It serves as a check on the House of Commons: As a chamber of sober second thought, the Senate has the power to review, revise, and propose changes to bills passed by the House of Commons. This function is believed to improve the quality of legislation and prevent the government from passing unpopular and hasty bills.

3. It acts as a place for expertise and debate: Senators are appointed for their knowledge, expertise, and contribution to the country. This allows the Senate to provide valuable insight and expertise on policy debates, which may be missed by the House of Commons, whose members are mostly elected through a party system.


1. The Senate is undemocratic: The Canadian Senate is not elected directly by citizens, which raises the question of legitimacy and representation. Senators are recommended by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor General, making them beholden to political interests and not necessarily representative of the Canadian population.

2. It costs taxpayers a lot of money: The Senate is a costly institution, with Senators receiving a salary of $157,731 per year, in addition to travel and office expenses. Critics argue that this is a waste of taxpayers’ money, particularly given the recent scandals and controversies surrounding some senators’ expenses.

3. It is prone to political interference: Despite the Senate being supposed to operate independently, it is not immune to political influence. Historically, Prime Ministers have used Senate appointments to reward their political supporters, which raises accusations of partisanship and undermines public trust in the Senate.


In conclusion, the Canadian Senate has both positive and negative aspects. While it provides equal representation and serves as a check on the House of Commons, it is also undemocratic, expensive, and prone to political interference. The future of the Senate remains uncertain, as proposals for reform and abolition are frequently debated. Ultimately, it is up to Canadian citizens and their elected representatives to decide whether the benefits of the Senate outweigh the costs.

What are the main arguments for and against the existence of the Canadian Senate?

The Canadian Senate has been a topic of debate for decades. Some argue that the Senate is an integral part of Canada’s government system because it provides an important second chamber of review for legislation passing through the House of Commons. Supporters of the Senate argue that it provides a “sober second thought” on bills passed by the House of Commons, ensuring that only quality legislation is passed into law. They also argue that the Senate provides much-needed accountability for the country’s politicians.

On the other hand, critics of the Senate argue that it is an unnecessary and outdated institution that provides little tangible benefits to Canadians. Detractors of the Senate believe that the Senate is undemocratic, as Senators are appointed, not elected. They argue that this means that the Senate lacks accountability and legitimacy, making it less responsive to the needs of Canadians. Lastly, critics argue that the Senate is too expensive, as it provides salaries and pensions for a group of politicians who have few specific duties or responsibilities.

In conclusion, the debate on the existence of the Canadian Senate is a complex and nuanced one. While there are arguments for and against its existence, there is no easy answer. At the end of the day, it is up to Canadians to decide whether the Senate is worth keeping or if it is time to abolish it altogether.

How effective has the Senate been in providing independent second thought and restraint to legislation passed by the House of Commons?

The Senate of Canada is an important component of the parliamentary system of the country, and its role is to serve as a chamber of “sober second thought” in the law-making process. A significant aspect of the Senate’s function is to exercise independent judgment and to scrutinize proposed legislation that has been passed by the House of Commons. The Senate acts as a check on the power of the House, ensuring that legislation is not passed hastily or without proper consideration.

Over the years, the effectiveness of the Senate in providing independent second thought and restraint to legislation passed by the House of Commons has been a topic of much debate. Some critics argue that the Senate is mostly ineffective and that it is merely a rubber-stamp institution that approves bills without any significant amendments or changes. However, defenders of the Senate argue that its role in reviewing bills is crucial, and that it has led to significant changes in legislation that could have been problematic if hastily approved.

Overall, the Senate has been reasonably effective in providing independent second thought and restraint to legislation. While it is true that the Senate does not always block or make amendments to bills as often as some would like, it still serves as an important component of the parliamentary system that ensures the voice of Canadians is heard, and that problematic bills are not passed into law.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of having appointed Senators rather than elected ones?

Appointed Senators are chosen by a governing body or a person with authority to pick someone for the position. One of the major benefits of having appointed Senators is that they may be more qualified and experienced than those who are elected. These individuals may come from varied backgrounds, possessing different skills that can be important to do the job. Appointed Senators may also have less political pressure and therefore can make more independent decisions that are in the best interests of their constituents.

However, appointed Senators also have some drawbacks. One of the main drawbacks is the lack of accountability that they may have in comparison to elected Senators. Elected Senators have to answer to their voters, and they have to work towards building their reputation and credibility among the voters. Appointed Senators, on the other hand, may not have to answer to the public, and they may not be held accountable for their actions, which can lead to corruption and biases. Furthermore, the appointment process can be manipulated and may not result in the most qualified candidate being chosen, leading to a lack of diversity and representation in the Senate.

In conclusion, there are benefits and drawbacks to having appointed Senators rather than elected ones. While appointed Senators may be more experienced and independent, they also lack accountability and may not reflect the diverse needs and interests of their constituents. Ultimately, the choice between appointed and elected Senators depends on the goals and values of the governing body and its people.

How has the Senate’s role in representing regional interests impacted Canadian federalism?

The Senate is a key institution in Canadian federalism, tasked with representing the interests of Canada’s diverse regions. The Senate’s role in representing regional interests has been instrumental in shaping Canadian federalism in several ways. Firstly, the Senate has acted as a powerful counterbalance to the House of Commons, representing less populated provinces and territories with less representation at the federal level. This has helped to maintain a balance of power among Canada’s various regions and ensured that all parts of the country have a voice in the federal government.

Secondly, the Senate has played a crucial role in promoting interprovincial cooperation and resolving regional disputes. As a house of regional representation, the Senate is uniquely positioned to bring together representatives from different provinces and territories to discuss and address issues of common interest. This has helped to foster greater cooperation among Canada’s diverse regions, promoting unity and stability within the country.

Finally, the Senate has also played a significant role in protecting the rights and interests of Canada’s minority groups. As a house of sober second thought, the Senate has the power to scrutinize legislation passed by the House of Commons and ensure that it does not unfairly disadvantage any particular region or group. This has helped to ensure that Canadian federalism remains a system that is fair and just for all its citizens, regardless of their regional or cultural background.

What reforms have been proposed to address the perceived shortcomings of the Senate, and how might they impact its effectiveness and legitimacy?

The Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress and has been a contentious topic of discussion due to its perceived shortcomings. Many reforms have been proposed to address these perceived issues, including increasing the number of senators, eliminating the filibuster, and revising the nomination and confirmation process for Supreme Court justices.

Increasing the number of senators has been proposed as a way to better represent the American people and reduce the influence of special interest groups. This idea has gained traction in recent years, with calls for states like Puerto Rico and Washington D.C. to be granted statehood and receive two senators each. However, some argue that this would only further polarize the Senate and make it more difficult to pass legislation.

Eliminating the filibuster has also been proposed as a way to increase the Senate’s effectiveness by allowing for more legislation to be passed. However, this move could lead to a more partisan Senate and make it easier for the majority party to push through their agenda without any input from the minority party. Overall, any reforms made to the Senate must carefully consider the impact on its effectiveness and legitimacy in order to ensure that it continues to serve as an important institution in our democracy.

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